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Can cycling increase testosterone?

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Sarah Achleithner, health and wellness writer
Exhaustive endurance exercise such as cycling has been shown to decrease testosterone levels for up to 72 hours after exercise [1]. Cortisol (a glucocorticoid hormone) increases during endurance exercise, while testosterone (an anabolic-androgenic steroid hormone) decreases and this may attenuate muscle-building after an exhaustive endurance session[1].
Chemical structure of testosterone with a muscular male torso in the background
[1] Anderson, T., Lane, A. R., & Hackney, A. C. (2016). Cortisol and testosterone dynamics following exhaustive endurance exercise. European journal of applied physiology, 116(8), 1503–1509. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3406-y