Can magnesium enhance exercise performance?

This question is about Nutrition and Running
Sarah Achleithner
Yes, supplemental magnesium may improve exercise performance but only in individuals that are magnesium deficient [1, 2]. Magnesium is involved in energy metabolism, cardiorespiratory function, and muscle actions, and when we don’t get enough of it, sports performance suffers accordingly [1, 2]. Additionally, athletes who engage in more intense exercises may require 10-20% more magnesium than the general population due to higher urinary and sweat losses [2]. Magnesium has not been shown to prevent or relieve exercise-related muscle cramps [3].
Magnesium rich foods including bananas, chocolate and nuts on a black background
[1] Zhang, Y., Xun, P., Wang, R., Mao, L., & He, K. (2017). Can Magnesium Enhance Exercise Performance? Nutrients, 9(9), 946.
[2] Nielsen, F. H., & Lukaski, H. C. (2006). Update on the relationship between magnesium and exercise. Magnesium research, 19(3), 180–189.
[3] Garrison, S. R., Korownyk, C. S., Kolber, M. R., Allan, G. M., Musini, V. M., Sekhon, R. K., & Dugré, N. (2020). Magnesium for skeletal muscle cramps. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews9(9), CD009402.